using the arrow buttons.
by clicking on the page.
the page around when zoomed in by dragging it.
the zoom using the slider when zoomed-in.
by clicking on the zoomed-in page.
by entering text in the search field, and select "This Issue" or "All Issues"
by clicking on thumbnails to select pages, and then press the print button.
displays sections with thumbnails and descriptions.
displays a slider of thumbnails. Click on a page to jump.
allows you to browse the full archive.
about your subscription?
Lions Roar : March 2010
69 SHAMBHALA SUN MARCH 2010 improvements (sustaining attention, diminishing distractibility) than are accomplished with medications for this condition. other researchers (alan Wallace, richie Davidson, amiji Jha) have also found significant improvements in attentional regulation in those who have had mindfulness meditation training, such as enhanced focus as revealed in the reduction of the “attentional blink,” or times when new information is not seen because of prolonged attention on the prior stimulus. Some of these studies have been done during three-month retreats with the primary focus on isolated meditative practice rather than group discussions. fourth, researchers in a wide array of mental health situations have found that adding mindfulness as a fundamental part of their treat- ment strategies has proven to be essential in treating conditions such as obsessive compulsive disorder, borderline personality disorder, and drug addiction, and is also helpful in the prevention of chronically relapsing depression. Some insight into the possible core mechanisms that enable appli- cation to the treatment of a wide range of mental disorders was offered in a recent study by Norman farb and colleagues in Toronto. after just the eight-week MBSr program, subjects were able to alter their brain function in a way that confirmed they could distinguish the “narra- tive chatter” of their baseline states from the ongoing sensory flow of here-and-now experience. This ability to develop discernment—to differentiate our unique streams of awareness—may be a crucial step for disentangling our minds from ruminative thoughts, repetitive de- structive emotions, and impulsive and addictive behaviors. finally, studies of mindfulness-based programs have revealed that medical students experienced improved empathy and physicians had de- creased burnout and enhanced attitudes to their patients. The learnable Skill of Mindsight how do we make sense of this science of mindfulness? here is a brief foray into the emergence of an independent way of knowing called interpersonal neurobiology. at the same time as Jon Kabat-Zinn was creating the MBSr program some thirty years ago, i was starting medical school just a few miles east in Boston. Discouraged by the lack of empathy in my professors and the way patients—and students—were treated as physical objects seem- ingly devoid of an internal world, i stopped school to wrestle with this widespread blindness to the inner reality of the mind. When i ultimately returned to finish my degree, what became clear to me was that there were two fundamental ways people could see re- ality. one was through a lens of the physical, the other through a lens of the mind. Many of my teachers in medicine had honed the physical lens—seeing the subtle signs and symptoms of physiological disease. This was an important, but incomplete, aspect of being a healer. i came to realize that these professors lacked the development of the lens that en- abled them to see the mind’s feelings or thoughts, its hopes, dreams, and ➢ page 96 • University of New Mexico researchers found that participation in a Mindfulness- Based Stress reduction course decreased anxiety and binge eating. • office workers who practiced MBSr for twenty minutes a day reported an average 11% reduction in perceived stress. • eight weeks of MBSr resulted in an improvement in the immune profiles of people with breast or prostate cancer, which corresponded with decreased depressive symptoms. • a prison offering Vipassana meditation training for inmates found that those who completed the course showed lower levels of drug use, greater optimism, and better self-control, which could reduce recidivism. • fifth-grade girls who did a ten-week program of yoga and other mindfulness practices were more satisfied with their bodies and less preoccupied with weight. • a mix of cancer patients who tried MBSr showed significant improvement in mood and reduced stress. These results were maintained at a checkup six months later. • The likelihood of recurrence for patients who had experienced three or more bouts of depression was reduced by half through Mindfulness-Based cognitive Therapy, an offshoot of MBSr. • after fifteen weeks of practicing MBSr, counseling students reported improved physical and emotional well-being, and a positive effect on their counseling skills and therapeutic relationships. What the Studies Show Recent scientific findings on the benefits of practicing mindfulness.