using the arrow buttons.
by clicking on the page.
the page around when zoomed in by dragging it.
the zoom using the slider when zoomed-in.
by clicking on the zoomed-in page.
by entering text in the search field, and select "This Issue" or "All Issues"
by clicking on thumbnails to select pages, and then press the print button.
displays sections with thumbnails and descriptions.
displays a slider of thumbnails. Click on a page to jump.
allows you to browse the full archive.
about your subscription?
Lions Roar : March 2008
SHAMBHALA SUN MARCH 2008 112 Let Peace begin with me... “Seeking Self is a primer for waking up to who we really are, which becomes the foundation from which we can construct healthy families, productive communities, vibrant cultures, and a planet at peace.” Victor La Cerva, Pathways to Peace and Worldwords seekingself.org • 901.320.9179 Also available at local and online bookstores. Mindfulness of Mind continued from page 47 But yesterday’s orthodoxy is melting in the face of new understandings about the brain’s plasticity. Once thought to begin dying at age five, the brain is now believed to change throughout life, actually altering its physical and chemical structures in re- sponse to experience. For the treatment of mental illness, the implications are huge: if “bad” habits like rumination and self- criticism can harm the mind, then “good” habits like meditation can heal it. Studies of meditators have played an important role in this new vision of the brain, particularly the work of University of Wisconsin researcher Richard Davidson. His brain scans of Tibetan monks showed distinct changes in the hippocampus and frontal lobes when the monks entered med- itative states. That raises a tantalizing ques- tion: if monks can change their brains us- ing meditation, why can’t people struggling with mental illness be taught to do it,too? They can, asserts Jeffrey Schwartz, a UCLA psychiatry professor who has suc- cessfully used mindfulness meditation to treat obsessive compulsive disorder. “Before this work on self-directed neu- ro-plasticity, it was assumed that if you had a genetically inherited tendency to develop mental illness, the only thing that could be done about it was to treat the brain itself, usually with drugs, psychosurgery, or put- ting electrodes in the brain,” says Schwartz, author of the book Mind Lock. “That is not a scientifically justified statement anymore. Now we know that the mind can change the brain. We can use the power of directed attention to change brain function both in conjunction with appropriate medication or, if you’re fortunate enough, in place of medication.” Overwhelmingly, recent research on meditation and mental illness has focused on mindfulness meditation, also known as vipassana meditation. To make it palatable to non-Buddhists in the West, researchers and clinicians have stripped away vipas- sana’s South Asian cultural and ritual baggage and presented it as a simple way to walk through mental and emotional turmoil—much, perhaps, as the Buddha himself did 2,500 years ago. Here’s a sampling of some of the recent research examining the effectiveness of mindfulness and other forms of medita- tion in treating psychological problems: • Stanford University psychologist Philippe Goldin and colleagues are ex- ploring the impact of mindfulness medi- tation on social anxiety. • At UCLA, Drs. Lidia Zylowska and Susan Smalley are developing a medita- tion-based treatment for children and adults with ADHD. • University of Washington psycholo- gist Marsha Linehan has incorporated ele- ments of mindfulness meditation and Zen into dialectical behavior therapy, designed originally to treat Borderline Personality Disorder, but also applied successfully to a wide range of other disorders such as suicidal depression. • Linehan’s colleague G. Alan Marlatt demonstrated reduction in alcoholism and drug abuse among prisoners in a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. • An international team of research- ers from the U.S., Italy, and New Zealand published an article in Behavior Modifica- tion on how “individuals with mental ill- ness can control their aggressive behavior through mindfulness training.” • Stephen Hayes of the University of Nevada has integrated Buddhist medita- tion into a new program called Accep- tance and Commitment Therapy. • Kristin Neff of the University of Tex- as in Austin is examining the use of “self- compassion” in building self-esteem and psychological health. • University of British Columbia re- searcher Lori Brotto and Julia Heiman of the Kinsey Institute published a paper earlier this year discussing the use of mindfulness in the treatment of women with sexual problems. One of the most promising uses of mindfulness meditation is in combination with cognitive therapy as a treatment for depression. Developed by Dr. Aaron Beck at the University of Pennsylvania in the 1950s, cognitive therapy asks patients to MAR 108-120.indd 112 MAR 108-120.indd 112 12/19/07 2:22:21 PM 12/19/07 2:22:21 PM